Rules of the Road

Learning South Africa's Rules of the Road is a vital part of getting your K53 Licence.

Rules of the Road


1. Unobstructed view

The driver must have full controll of the vehicle and have an unobstructed view of the road ahead.

2. Keep left, pass right.

The rule of the road is: Drive on the left side of the road Don't endanger oncoming traffic by encraoching onto the right hand sife of the road. Over take other vehicles on their right side only if:

On devided roads, don't drive over the deviding space or barier except at an itersection or opening where it is nor prohibited by a road sign or traffic officer.

3. General Speed limits on public roads

60 km/h on urban raods. ( town or city )
100 km/h on rural and national roads (excluding freeways )
120 km/h on freeways

4. Vehicle class speed limits.

80 km/h for vehicles/combinations over 9000kg,
100 km/h for busses and minibusses conveying passengers,

5. Overtaking Safley

First make sure it is safe to overtake
Pass to the right of the vehicle you are overtaking
Don't endager oncoming traffic
Don't pass too close to the other vehicle
Make sure you are clear of the other vehicle before returning to the left side of the road.
When passing a stationary bus, keep a lookout for people moving away from the bus.
On freeways, only in the far right lane, you may flash the vehicle in front of you to indicate that you want to
overtake. It should then move over for you to overtake.
Note: you may not stay in that lane if it is safe to move over even if you are already traveling at the given speed limit. The other driver might have an emergency that you would be unaware of.

6. Overtaking on the left

You may pass on the left when it is safe to do so:

Don't drive on the verge of a shoulder to overtake a car on the left.
Don't drive on the left of an edge line marking to overtake on the left.

7. Don't Overtake

If it will create a hazard to any vehicles, people or property a vehicle stopped at a pedestrian crossing by crossing a solid line When approaching the crest of a hill or rise on a curve If your view of the road is obstructed -Theobove three rules don't apply if:

8. Being Overtaken

keep as far left as is safe to do. Don't accelerate while being overtaken If you are driving on the right side of the road, and a vehicle behind indicates that he wants to pass, carefully move over to the left hand lane. You may drive on the left hand shoulder of a single lane raod between sunrise and sunset to allow other vehicles to pass if it is safe to do so, and other vehicles are visible for 150m

9. Traffic Lanes

Don't straddle the lane lines
Change lanes only when nessecary and safe to do so
Signal early enough before changing lanes
The last action before changing lanes is to check the blind spot

10. Intersections

Stop for pedestrians on or entering a pedestrian crossing Don't block the traffic flow when:

11. Turning left

Keep as far left as possible adjust your speed to merge into the traffic flow safely

12. Turning right

Give way to approaching traffic when about to turn Keep as far as possible to the right of the lane you are in to allow other cars to pass on your left. Turn accross the centre line only if there is a clear space in oncoming traffic. Keep to the left of any traffic island in the intersection and comply with road signs Cross the centre line of the cross street before turning right, unless you are turning into another one way street.

13. Rules for signal

Always signal your intention, using hand signals, electric or mechanical indicators or stop lamps, before:

Allow enough time to warn other so they can react if necessary
Make sure your signals are clearly visible

14. Passengers on trucks

Passengers are permitted on the back of a truck or bakkie if the sides of the rear body are:

This does not apply to worker being transported in a working capacity

15. Alcohol and drugs

Don't drive or sit in the driver's seat with the engine running if you

16. Freeways

Vehicles not allowed on freeways

Actions not allowed on Freeways (Does not apply to traffic officers on duty, or persons involved with emergency, rescue salvage, construction, maintenance etc)

17. No Stopping Areas

At or opposite an excavation where you will endanger other traffic Inside, on or closer than 6m to :

Where it is prohibeted by a road sign On the righthand side of a street, facing oncoming traffic Alongside or opposite another vehicle where the road surface is less than 9m wide Within the railway reserve at a railway crossing Where the vehicle could be a danger or obstruction to traffic Wtihin 9m of a pedestrian crossing, on the appraoch side, except to allow pedestrians to cross On a freeway except

18. Compulsory Stops

Always stop:

19. Parking

Definition: Stopping a vehicle with or without occupants for a longer period than is necessary to unload goods or passengers. Always apply the handbrake to prevent your parked vehicle from moving without control.

20. No Parking Areas

You may not park

21. Pedestrian Crossing

Give way to pedestrians who are on or about to enter the raodway at a pedestrian crossing.

22. Abandoned Vehicles

The following constitute abandoned vehicles:

Abaondoned and illegally parked vehicles may be removed and impounded by a traffic officer.

23. Safe following Distance

Allow for at least 2 seconds of following distance(3 seconds for heavy vehicles) Increase following distance when visibility is poor or when being tailgated The stopping distance will be increased when traveling fast, when the road surface is wet or slippery, or when heavily loaded.

24. Reversing

Reverse only if it is safe to do so, and for as short a distance as is necessary

25. Passengers

Passengers must

26. Driving Safely

Sit so that you have complete controll of the vehicle and a full view of the road and traffic ahead. Move off from a parked position only if it is safe to do so and without interfering with the flow of traffic Don't have any part of your body protruding from the vehicle except to give hand signals or for parking, examening or testing the vehicle.

27. Tyre Tread

All vehicle and truck tyres must have a tread across the entire width and around the entire circumference of the tyre that:

All treads and wall sides must be free of:

Motor cycles may not use retreaded tyres.

28. Towing of vehicles

Maximum distance apart is 3.5m
The towed vehicle must be securely attachedand under control
The towed vehicle does not need to be under the cotrol of a licensed driver if:

If the vehicle is being controlled by a driver, that driver must hold a valid license for the code of vehicle
Use a solid bar to tow a vehicle if the brakes are defective
Don't exceed 30km/h when towing, unless a solid tow bar is being used
A vehicle carrying passengers may not be towed at a speed exceeding 30 km/h unless it is a semi trailer

29. Police and emergency vehicles.

Give way immediatley to any official vehicle sounding a warning device.(siren, bell, etc)
Example: ambulance, fire engine, traffic police

30. Running an engine

Dont let your engine run if:

31. Side Walks

Dont move a vehicle along a sidewalk (pavement or verge), not even by pushing it.

32. Pollution

Don't deposit petrol, feul, oil, grease, ash or any other flammable or objectioneble matter on the road surface.

33. Motor Sports

You must obtain the approval of the provinsial MEC/local authority before organising any race, speed trial or sports meeting on a public road

34. Endangering traffic

Don't unnecessarily obstruct the free flow of traffic.
Don't leave any object on the road that could endanger or case damage to any traffic.

35. Hooting

Don't hoot except for safety reasons
Your hooter must be audible for at least 90m
The tone of the hooters pitch may not vary

36. Noisy Vehicles

Don't operate an excessivley noisy vehicle (eg. broken silencer) unless under temporary and exceptional circumstances.

37. Avaoiding Damage to roads

Don't in any way endanger or cause damage to other road users ot to the road surface.

38. Vehicle accidents/collision

If you are involved in a collision you
Must:

Must Not: Take intoxicating liquot or narcotic drugs before reporting the collision, unless administered by a medical practitioner.
If someone has been injured or killed: Summon a police officer immediatley

Moving of vehicles:

39. Emergency Red Triangles

At least one double-sided red triangle must be carried in all vans, bakkies, trucks, busses, trailers and caravans.
Where a vehicle is stationary on a roadway for any reason, the triangle must be displayed on the road at least 45m behind the vehicle.

40. Lights

Driving Lights Switch the headlights on: Parking Lights

Switch on your parking lights at night when your vehicle is standing:
a. on an urban road, outside a demarcated parking space,
b. on a public raod 12m or more from an illuminated street lamp

Never drive with only the parking lights on

Emergency Warning Flashers
Use emergency warning flashers when
a. When traveling in an emergency situation,
b. When stationary in a hazardous position

Adjustable spotlights

Are only allowed for official purposes(ambulance, firefighting, etc)
Doctors, vets and breakdown vehicles may also operate spotlights

41. Herding of animals

People hearding animals must carry a red flaf or a red light 150m ahead and behind the herd

42. Conveying Goods

Goods must be safely inside or securely fastened to the vehicle
Goods must not:
a. obscure the drivers view in any direction
b. touch the road
Maximum dimensions allowed:
Up to half the vehicle heigt when carried on the roof of a motor car, except bicycles carried on the roof.
Width, including vehicle:
a. vehicles less than 12 000 kg - 2.5m wide
b. vehicles more than 12 000 kg - 2.6m wide
Length - 300mm beyond the front and 1.8m beyond the rear.
Height from the road surface, including the vehicle and load, 4.3m

43. Seatbelts

44. Communication Devices

45. You must have your drivers license with you while driving.

46. Unauthorised use of vehicles

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